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Osamu Dazai’s No Longer Human Dives into Facade, Apathy, and Disparity

By Max Vigue                       

Multimedia Content Editor

What does it mean to be human? For centuries humans have forged societies and cultures out of the efforts for exploration, pride, and greed. Culture generally tends to come and go, remaining inconsistent due to reformation, changed ideals, or flat out abandoned.

 As a result, it’s hard to analyze an individual’s morality solely upon cultural values or embedded societal beliefs. Especially if that individual was raised in a different culture entirely. So that leaves me with a burning question. How do you universally measure morality regardless of cultural difference? 

More so, what does it mean to universally be a good human being? Although at first, there are certain universal acts that are seen as inherently evil such as murder, petty theft, torture. However, the more you look into the nuances of a culture, each culture has a different take for what they view is right and wrong. 

Morality is a grey muddy pond, tainted by the thousands of different perspectives cultures and individuals themselves view morality. Such a divisive topic among us, yet at the end of the day your take on morality is a key part of what makes someone human. 

But what happens when someone, even when raised in a very traditionally strict dedicated culture, never develops a sense of morality? When they see peers as creatures, completely unable to comprehend their ideals, motives, and emotions. Someone who masquerades their entire identity, in an effort to study people like a sociopath.  

Someone who believes that due to their lack of empathy, lack of morality, lack of personality, and lack of basic understanding of human culture. They consider themselves an enigma, someone born into the flesh of a homosapien,  yet with the mind of an alien. 

When in reality, they are simply the byproduct of mental illness, social anxiety, and a suicidal mind. Someone who never believed that their eternally questioning of the human being, was an escape to flee their ugly reality.  A life haunted by depression, alcoholism, drug addiction, lack of purpose, unrelenting lust, and a massive inferiority complex. 

This is the life of Oba Yozo, Dazai’s proxy for his own struggles. No Longer Human is often referred to as Dazai’s “sucide note”. As Yozo’s ordeals are based on Dazai’s own life experiences, yet not exact word for word reproductions. Thus many call this work pure “original fiction”, while also being semi-autobiographical.

Throughout the course of the novel we see the world Yozo grows up in, a world much like our own – a normal 1930’s Japan which is perceived by Yozo as a world ridden with lies and false personas. Viewing humans as not of his own kind, rather as if he was an imposter in mortal flesh. 

From his perspective, his journey in life is a case study trying to understand what it means to be a human. What it means to be a morally good person. What it means to have empathy for another person. But the more you read Yozo’s long monologues about his lack of understanding of humanity, the more the reader realizes this is a documentary of his down world spiral. 

The book is written in the style of three separate journals throughout the course of Yozo’s life. With the prologue and epilogue being written from the viewpoint of a man who happened to pick up the journals. Much like the rest of the audience, he is baffled by the actions and just the mindset of Yozo. 

This book isn’t for the faint of heart, it’s a journey full of hardship. A mind ridden with depression and anxiety, a world view with little to no empathy, and traumatic experiences put to pen. But by the end of that long voyage, you have experienced the darker parts of the human psyche. 

A better understanding of suffering in silence, how someone who could be the most outgoing person can isolate their true nature. It provides a window into the deep consciousness of Dazai as a person, without outright speaking on his own troubles.

I would recommend this book as a must read for anyone, but only while in a healthy state of mind. It tackles very uncomfortable but important subjects that are hard to discuss. This book is for a mature audience, specifically from ages 16-17 as a starting point. 

No Longer Human is a straight dive into a downward spiral, exploring the dark side of human morals, and looking into the perspective of someone whose views are all but alien. In contrast, it is someone already suffering from deteriorating mental health. Enabled by a life full of vice, and betrayed by their own persona they acted for so long.

The modern version of the No Longer Human cover, a shadowy outline of Yozo.

Under the fair use act of 2007, specifically “Freedom and Innovation Revitalizing United States Entrepreneurship Act of 2007” were using this graphic for educational purposes, and providing a transformative work of content in the form of a review. No profit is being made from this article, and is only for the purpose of review

Student Council Threw an Outdoor Homecoming as Students Planned a Private Event

By Olivia Foraker

Staff Writer

Homecoming dances have been steady traditions for high schools around the globe, and have rarely been subject to much change. The same is typically true for Red Lion Senior High School –up until this year, that is. 

 Students who attended the annual dance were met with changes in location, dress code, and even the duration of the event. The student body was made aware of such decisions prior to ticket sales launching on Oct. 4 for seniors, Oct. 6 to juniors, and then open to everybody on Oct. 12.

 These alterations resulted in a slight decrease in sales compared to past years’ where homecoming remained exactly as it had always been. 

Student gather on Horn Field for Student Council’s 2021 Homecoming. The DJ sat on the home sideline at the 50 yard line in front of dancing students. Photo by Jesse Schwartz.

 “Our sales have decreased a little bit. There is another homecoming that people are going to, and with the outside stuff,” said Student Council Vice President Gabrielle Lynd.  “People are hesitant to go as well as the no heels.” This year, 560 tickets were sold in comparison to an estimated 800-900 two years ago. 

While Student Council members and advisers alike revealed that the 2021 homecoming was successful, statistics demonstrate that there was a significant decrease in sales.

 Freshman Student Council member Cinzia Fowler said that the student body is upset due to the price of tickets. Although the twenty dollar price for a single ticket is the same as previous years, the option for the double’s ticket discount was not offered this year. In the past, attendees could purchase a double’s ticket for $30. 

Student Council adviser Jane Dennish told The Leonid that she was pleased overall. 

“It was a lot more successful than I expected it to be outside,” said Mrs. Dennish. “The only downside was the wind.” 

Mrs. Dennish said that $2,300 worth of balloons were purchased for the event; however, none of them could be put up due to the weather, and she expressed her distaste in this. 

Mrs. Dennish said that those in attendance enjoyed the dance despite the unusual conditions. 

The Leonid Reporter Recalls Homecoming on Horn Field

By Shana Carey

Co-Editor in Chief

Walking around Horn Field barefoot and almost dying in a mosh pit is not exactly what I expected for my senior year homecoming, but it was unforgettable nonetheless. 

Going into senior year, I was unsure whether student council would even host a homecoming or not. Always looking for an excuse to get ridiculously dressed up, I anticipated the worst.

Upon hearing that the homecoming dance was occurring outside this year, I initially thought the idea was an interesting way to encourage social distancing. I also had the impression that having homecoming outside was an exciting opportunity that probably won’t happen again. 

This was all good and fun until I got to the dance floor and had the stark realization just how big Horn Field actually is. A couple hundred students gathered on the 50 yard line with just enough room between them to put their hands in the air. The remaining people spread out across the field in awkward looking clumps. 

Initially in one of those clumps filled with band kids, I just enjoyed being surrounded by my friends. It didn’t matter to me that we were outside under the daytime-like football lights because I had the opportunity to joke with the people I’ve grown closest with over the past four years. 

As our clump looked to the mosh pit, we observed a screaming friend of ours crowd surfing multiple times as a freshman jumped onto the retaining wall and danced while everyone watched in awe. These two boys were promptly met by multiple administrators warning them to behave. 

These shenanigans were what made my senior homecoming memorable. 

Absolutely determined to say hello to one of my friends that was in the very middle of the scary conglomeration of people dancing, I pushed and elbowed my way straight to her. In the middle of the circle, I saw some of my dearest friends from elementary school having the time of their life. 

Seeing their smiling faces and people laughing louder than the DJ equipment truly made my evening. 

At the end of the obscure night, the DJ played the first slow song as couples and groups of people swayed back and forth in a more spread out fashion. 

The students begged for one more song and screamed excitedly when the DJ granted their wishes. However, teachers promptly stopped the final song from finishing and sent everyone home unsatiated. 

All in all, it doesn’t matter whether homecoming was in the gym or on the field. It doesn’t matter that it was like broad daylight with the football lights turned on. And it doesn’t matter that half the students were clumped together with no breathing room while the others were miles away. 

I’m glad that I had the opportunity to dance and enjoy the company of my friends. Homecoming isn’t about the decor or location, but it’s about celebrating and just having a good time. 

The Leonid Staff Writer Attends Private Homecoming

By Emma Billets

Staff Writer

My final homecoming looked a lot different from what I expected. First of all, it wasn’t even at my school. It was in a church. The dance was held at The York First Church of the Brethren on Kingston Road on Saturday Oct. 16 from 7-10 p.m. Senior Red Lion student Adelinn Banzaca organized a homecoming for the public due to the restrictions of the school’s organized dance. 

The reason I decided to attend this dance instead of my school’s homecoming, is because it was being held indoors on a cold and windy night instead of being outside, outside guests were allowed, and the tickets were very affordable at only 10 dollars for a single ticket and 15 dollars for a double ticket. 

As I pulled into the parking lot of the church, I saw way more cars than I thought there were going to be. I walked in and saw so many different people. It was nice that this homecoming was not only open to Red Lion students, but other students and even older people who aren’t in high school anymore. 

As I started to seek out friends, I heard music, but it wasn’t very loud. Everyone gathered into their cliques and were talking and enjoying the refreshments that were provided. There were gatorades, water, cookies, and chips. The table had glowing decorations including a whole box of glow sticks and connectors for people to wear during the dance. 

A little bit of time passed and the music got louder as the lights went out. It took everyone a good half hour to get comfortable enough to move up to the front of the gymnasium and start dancing. The music and lights really set the mood for people to get up and dance. The music choice was pretty good! They had a mix of all different types of music for everyone to enjoy. 

There were confetti balloons, LED lights, photo backdrops, and a loudspeaker. Honestly, I feel this homecoming was a huge success and was so much fun. Having the choice to bring someone who you couldn’t bring to the school’s homecoming was so nice and being indoors was also a huge bonus. Everyone was able to wear whatever they wanted and listen to whatever music they wanted without judgement. It seemed like a lot of people had a great time and the dance was an overall great experience and huge success for the guests and the provider. 

Sports Guru Ranks the Top 10 NBA Players

By George Keene

Sports Editor in Chief

Heading into the NBA season which started last night, October 19th, I put together a list of the top 10 players in the NBA. This ranking was made based on their statistics and play from last season. 

The list is headed by Brooklyn Nets superstar, Kevin Durant, who has been recognized by many, including Giannis Antetokoumpo, as the league’s best player.

  1. Kevin Durant SF

After coming off a ruptured achilles, Kevin Durant had another season averaging over 25 points per game. In his first season with the Brooklyn Nets, he averaged 26.9 points, 7.1 rebounds, and 5.6 assists, leading the Brooklyn Nets to an Eastern Conference Semifinals appearance, where they matched up with the future NBA champion Milwaukee Bucks. In a back and forth series, where the Nets were missing stars Kyrie Irving and James Harden for multiple games, the Nets fell to the Bucks in seven games. Despite this, Durant’s unbelievable performances in game five and seven certified him as the best player in the NBA. After 12 straight seasons of averaging over 25 ppg, you can only believe that he will extend it to 13.

NBA Superstar, Kevin Durant getting some shots up before the game. 
Photo by Keith Allison from Hanover, MD, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons
  1. Giannis Antetokounmpo PF

NBA champion Giannis Antetokounmp is coming off the best season of his career, leading his Milwaukee Bucks to the NBA Finals. Averaging 28.1 points, 11.0 rebounds, and 5.9 assists, Antetokounmpo keeps on getting better. His ability to dominate in the paint while being one of the league’s best defenders has put the league on notice, and this season, the Greek Freak will look to defend his title.

  1. LeBron James SF

Four time NBA champion, LeBron James comes in at number three on this list. James got off to a great start last season, with hopes of winning the 2020-21 Most Valuable Player award before spraining his ankle, leading him to miss several weeks. He averaged 25.0 points, 7.7 rebounds, and 7.8 assists per game and led the Lakers to another playoff berth. The Los Angeles Lakers would eventually lose in the first round to the Phoenix Suns in six games, who were finals bound. James has been one of the league’s most consistently productive players and we can expect to see another MVP caliber season from one of the greatest players this league has ever seen.

  1. Steph Curry PG

Stephen Curry, the league’s most prolific three point shooter, is coming off one of the best seasons of his career. At one point, scoring 30+ points in 11 straight games. Curry averaged 32.0 points, 5.5 rebounds, and 5.8 assists and shot 42.1% from beyond the ark. His Golden State Warriors were unable to clinch a playoff berth after losing to both the Los Angeles Lakers and the Memphis Grizzlies in the play-in games. His deep range and prolific scoring has caused defenses lots of trouble, and with his splash brother, Klay Thompson coming back, Curry should be in for another big season.

  1. Joel Embiid C

Joel “The Process” Embiid, is coming off the best season of his NBA career. Embiid, who was on his way to his first MVP award, suffered minor injuries in the regular season and playoffs resulting in him missing time. Averaging 28.5 points, 10.6 rebounds, and 2.8 assists, Embiid will look to take the next steps in delivering the city of brotherly love an NBA championship. The Philadelphia 76ers finished as the number one seed in the eastern conference and will look to do that again this season, behind Joel Embiid.

  1. Nikola Jokic C

Winning the Most Valuable Player award last season, Nikola Jokic of the Denver Nuggets is coming off a remarkable season. He played all 82 games and averaged 26.4 points, 10.8 rebounds, and 8.3 assists. Jokic is the greatest passing big man of all time and continues to change the center position. His ability to shoot free throws and the three ball has made him an unstoppable force. 

  1. Damian Lillard PG

After firing their coach, Terry Stots, and hiring Chauncey Billups, the Portland Trail Blazers had an offseason of trade rumors surrounding their star point guard, Damian Lillard. Lillard averaged 28.8 points, 4.2 rebounds, and 7.5 assists while leading the Blazers to the playoffs once again. He is one of the league’s best scorers and most clutch players and that is why he finds himself at number seven on my list.

  1. Luka Doncic PG

Luka Doncic, the Slovenian superstar, is one of the league’s most promising players. He has risen to stardom quickly and is an offensive genius. He averaged 27.7 points, 8.0 rebounds, and 8.6 assists in 34 minutes a game. The Dallas Mavericks have been eliminated by the Los Angeles Clippers in back to back seasons and will look to advance past the first round of the playoffs this season behind newly hired head coach, Jason Kidd. After last season, you should expect a MVP caliber season from Luka Doncic.

  1. James Harden SG

James Harden, once an unstoppable scorer, has changed his game, and has become an elite facilitator. Joining the Brooklyn Nets in the middle of last season, after forcing his way out of Houston, he was an MVP candidate before getting injured. He averaged 24.6 points, 7.9 rebounds, and 10.8 assists, shooting 36.2% from the three point line. With Kyrie Irving sitting out for the start of the season, you can expect Harden’s numbers to go up, resulting in a big season for the beard.

  1. Kawhi Leonard SF

Kawhi Leonard is coming off a good season that ended early because of a partially torn ACL that occurred during last season’s playoff run. The Klaw has been one of the league’s best players, but will have to re-earn that spot this season. His Los Angeles Clippers went to six games with the Phoenix Suns before being eliminated in the Western Conference Finals. He averaged 24.8 points, 6.5 rebounds, and 5.2 assists.

All statistics coming from ESPN.com retrieved October 20, 2021.

The Girl’s Tennis Team Serves its Way to The County Tournament

By George Keene

Sports Editor-in-Chief

The Red Lion Girls Tennis Team, coached by Troy Miller, had a winning season with a record of 9-2 overall, with a record of 6-2 against YAIAA Division I opponents. 

The team is composed of 11 players, three of which are seniors, six sophomores, and two freshmen. While most seasons have been similarly structured, this year, Coach Miller made a change. 

At the start of every season a power ranking is made, listing who the top seeded player is, all the way down to the lowest ranked player. In prior years, this ranking would be solidified throughout the year and there was no chance to change your position in the rankings, this year, however, Coach Miller decided to switch it up and have challenge matches every Saturday.

Challenge matches are matches played within your own team and determine where you will be in the power rankings. This gave an opportunity to players who were lower in the rankings to work their way up. 

Senior Sophie Lanius shared some of her thoughts about playing weekly challenge matches against her teammates.

“Well, you obviously want to win,” she said. “It’s hard because you don’t want the chemistry of the team to be messed with, but you want to be competitive and prove yourself.”

Lanius has been as high as the second seed in the rankings and knows what it’s like to want to move up to the number one spot, currently held by sophomore Lexi Lakatosh, who won the county tournament last season.

Lanius also said that there were “a lot of close matches that were pretty even.” Seniors Makenzie Zagroba and Emily Szot are just a couple of her friends she has had to play against.

Practicing together every day, you would think that they would know each other’s play styles well, but Lanius disagrees. “It’s different than playing someone you don’t play normally, because you’re so used to being with them.”

This adjustment made by Coach Miller has led to another winning season for the Red Lion Girls Tennis Team, and as they look ahead to the county tournament, Lanius told The Leonid, “[I’m] looking forward to me and Lexi winning in the county tournament.”

Makenzie Zagroba, Sophie Lanius, and Emily Szot pose for a picture at the Red Lion Area Senior High practice courts before a practice. Mackenzie and Sophie play singles and Emily plays doubles. Photo submitted by Sophie Lanius. Photo taken by Olivia Mercado.

Students receive Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine through Red Lion Senior High School’s partnership with Rite Aid

By Kaitlyn Resline


COVID-19 has wreaked havoc in many lives. As the virus showed no signs of stopping, the push for vaccination offered the only way to return to pre-pandemic life. With more and more adults getting vaccinated, the focus has now shifted to vaccinating teenagers.

On May 12, 2021, the Red Lion Area Senior High School held a vaccination clinic in partnership with Rite Aid. From 7 a.m. to 2 p.m. students had the opportunity to receive the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine in the Old Gym. 

“I decided to get the COVID vaccine because, A, I am tired of wearing masks everywhere I go,” junior Connor Holmes said. “And B, I also think it is the first step to getting better as a society and moving forward from this pandemic.”

To register for the vaccine, the High School sent emails to parents to select an appointment time. On the day they received the vaccine, students checked in with their identification and proof of health insurance. 

Mr. Donald Dimoff, the Marketing and Communication Director for the district, said the vaccinations were strictly voluntary, and that the district hoped to provide vaccinations to students who had not received the vaccine anywhere else. 

“I am glad we could provide the kids an opportunity,” he said. “It was a good service to have.”

Approximately 40 students received vaccines and are scheduled to receive the second Pfizer dose on June 2, 2021. 

Students had to wait 15 minutes after receiving the vaccine in case of side effects. Mrs. Sherri Taylor, the certified school nurse at the high school, discussed some of the side effects students should expect. 

“The first dose is usually just a sore arm,” she said. “The second dose usually causes more reactions but reactions are good because they show the immune system is working and developing immunity. And the reactions go away.”

Both Mr. Dimoff and Mrs. Taylor stated that they have not heard of other districts in the county providing this opportunity to their students. 

The school district has partnered with Rite Aid before to administer flu vaccines. Registered pharmacist Geena Modi administered the COVID-19 vaccines. 

“We need to build the antibodies because you may carry the virus, you may not have symptoms, but you can still carry an active viable part of the virus,” Modi said. “It’s best to get the vaccine and have immunity not only to protect yourself but to protect others around you.”

Coming of Age and Psychic powers: How Mob Psycho 100 touches the hearts of its audience

By Maxwell Vigue

Multimedia-Content Editor 

There has never been a shortage of well animated shows over the years. Notable examples would include Ufotable’s massive success stories of Demon Slayer and Fate/Stay Night: Unlimited Blade Works. Or Gainax’s decade defining works such as Gurren Lagann and FLCL.

What really makes these shows stand out beyond their animation is the gut-wrenching stories they tell. And the characters that make you want to follow their journeys, and quenching your thirst to explore these forigen worlds. 

Studio BONES’ 2016 Mob Psycho 100 is a show that is worth the praise of a classic. Based on the original manga of the same name written and drawn by One, Mob Psycho 100 is a show which is carried by its story and character as much as it’s animation.

The first season originally ran from Jul 12, 2016 up till Sep 27, 2016, and the second season ran from Jan 7, 2019 up till Apr 1, 2019. Both seasons can be found on Crunchyroll

The show follows the main protagonist, Shigeo Kageyama, nicknamed “Mob” by his peers. Mob has always been a social outcast, who isn’t very good at socializing. Despite his shy, but polite personality, many people are mesmerized by Mob. 

His psychic powers attracted the attention of a fake psychic, Arataka Reigen. He recruited Mob to work for him, and even become his “mentor” promising to help Mob learn to control his powers. 

The events of the show follow these two main leads, as it slowly develops and fleshes out of the character’s world, and the overarching plot of the story.  

What really separates Mob Psycho from other shows is the characters’ overall charm they add to the story. The show itself is a visual process of Mob and others around him, showing how a person can grow to better themselves. 

As the audience follows Mob and Reigen through numerous situations, we get to see how they affect the people around them. That exact same impact comes back around to them as well, but from different people. 

The themes of affecting other people’s morals and thought process is reflected in the main character, Mob. He struggles to deal with his emotions, and they control the intensity of his powers. 

Mob keeps them in check by suppressing them, thus Mob comes off as a very timid and very robotic person. However when he can’t suppress his emotions anymore, his powers come into full effect. The way the show builds up his explosions via percents, and when he explodes, his power reaches toward 100%. 

In the span of two seasons, we see Mob develop better as a person from his interactions with other characters. He in turn also helps shift many of the other characters’ world views, also helping them develop as people. 

Although these initial undertones of the show might be enough to pique the interest of a consumer, what really sells the show is it’s visual prowess in animation. 

Studio BONES is already well known for its outstanding sakuga. They can be credited for the animation of series such as My Hero Academia, Soul Eater, Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood, Bungo Stray Dogs, and Noragami

The animation in this show is always clean and looks professionally produced, and that’s only touching on the normal dialogue scenes. The actual fight scenes are adrenaline inducing, putting the viewers on the edge of their seats. Even in these high-octane sequences, the animation still carries a very artistic aesthetic. 

Overall this show is something that anyone can watch, especially teenagers. The show does an excellent job at being able to connect with it’s teenage demographic on a deeper level with it’s emotional undertones.  

Adults can also appreciate this show for it’s mature themes of self growth, emotional health, and differing perspectives. It is a show worth your time and definitely will also shape your world view. 

Mob Psycho 100 is a show that is able to deliver a coming of age story, while at the same time being relatable to more than one demographic. It’s visual canvas has painted an image of a mysterious world of psychics, stunning battles, and spiritual creatures. It’s a work that delivers on overall complex characters, realistic relationships, and inspiring personal growth.

Artwork created and Distributed by BONES Studio

Manga written and illustrated by ONE

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Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

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